Organic cotton has been there for quite some time but it has only come to the lime light recently. In fact, cultivation of cotton started as organic cotton due to a very limited demand and unavailability of chemical fertilizers and pesticides at that time. But with the passage of time demand started increasing and due to mass production needed technological innovations such as high yielding varieties, pesticides and chemical fertilizers were developed and so the cotton crop, as we know it today, was born. Whereas, cotton is thought to be very beneficial for people with all sorts of skin, the truth is that it is not!
So what is it that different organic cotton and the ordinary cotton that we use in the everyday lives? Well, to be precise there is a hell lot of difference between the two. The cotton products that we use commonly in our everyday lives combine a lot of factors which are injurious to are health and our environment. The whole process of growing cotton as we know it today is based on practices that are harmful both for us and the environment around us. Now we will analyze how they are harmful.
First of all, the high yielding varieties that are achieved through genetic engineering disturb the natural biodiversity and endanger the original species of plant. Secondly, cotton crop consumes a lot of minerals from the soil. It is not feasible to keep growing cotton without circulating the crop. Therefore, chemical fertilizers have to be used for continuous cropping of cotton. This causes the soil to burn and lose all its important minerals. Once this happens, there is no way of reclaiming the soil and desertification starts occurring, which means that rich soil turns into barren sands over the time.
Then there is another factor: pesticides. Because cotton is such a historical crop that has existed since time immemorial therefore it has also given enough time for the species of insects that thrive on it. These insects and pests are responsible for destroying the cotton crop and decreasing its yield or output. Therefore, chemicals called pesticides and insecticides are used to get rid of them and achieve maximum output. But these pesticides are extremely poisonous. They not only kill the harmful insects and pests but also kill the one that are useful for the crop like the ladybird.
Further, these chemical fertilizers and pesticide sprays contaminate the air. They settle in the fibres of cotton and are accumulated in them only to harm our bodies when we use them in our dresses. Secondly, the spray also endangers the livestock that are kept near the farm where the pesticide is sprayed. They poison the livestock and the poison is transferred from these kettle to us through the dairy products and meat products that we consume from these sources. These pesticides are also carried with air to the human working in the field or living near the area to poison them. And most of all they are responsible for adding greenhouse gases and destroying the ozone layer.
All these factors are the reasons why people are turning more and more to the organic cotton, again, these days. The whole concept of agriculture is reverting back to as it originally started because of the fact that it was much healthier for us and the environment. Organic cotton is obtained from all natural means of production without any usage of chemicals on any level.
First of all, there are no high yielding, bio-genetically manipulated varieties used in organic cotton to achieve high yield. Then the crop is grown on circulation basis meaning that once cotton is cultivated another crop will be cultivated from the same soil to fulfill the mineral deficiency. Thirdly, the pesticides and insecticides and all sorts of chemical fertilizers are strictly off limit for certified organic cotton as they are poisonous. The result of all these restrictions is that organic cotton contains no poisonous effects that can be harmful for people wearing them. Our environment remains safe as we do not contribute in damaging ozone layer or ruining the rich soil or killing the insects that are beneficial to the cotton crop.